Federal Republic of Besern
Fedinschrepublik Berscheland (Besernian)
Motto: "Neinbetrachtenn alle flurhe ann einsers"
"Regardless all flourish by concord"
Anthem: Dar Bersches Bode
The Besernian Soil
Location of Besern in the South Pacific
|Largest city||Metropolitan Treisag|
|Official languages||Besernian, Austral|
|Recognised regional languages||Tholisian, Boudican|
|Government||Federal parliamentary republic|
including major divisions
• Two empires
|4 April 1031|
• Duchy of Broncia
|3 March 1205|
• The Great Incursion
|25 June 1422|
• Grand Duchy of Hsnevia
|9 November 1656|
• Grand Duchy of Aufurte
|1 April 1701|
• The Besernian Revolution
|18 June 1813|
• Hartmaan Declaration
|25 March 1820|
• Expiration of the Athala Decree
|3 January 1960|
|355,835 km2 (137,389 sq mi)|
• 2020 estimate
• 2020 census
|233.34/km2 (604.3/sq mi)|
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
low · low
|HDI (2021)|| 0.937|
|Time zone||UTC-2 (CCT)|
|Besern does not observe Daylight Standard Time.|
|Mains electricity||230 V-50 Hz|
|World Forum Code||BE|
Besern (Besernian: ['berʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Besern, is a country in northern Cordilia. Besern is bordered by the Rainbow Sea in the north, Holy Free in the west and the South Pacfic Ocean in the east. Besern is situated with the Boudican Chain in its center, the Phallesmund Delta to the north-east and the Bay of Obravia to the south-west, consisting a territorial size of 355,835 square kilometres. (137,389 square miles), with a population of 83.02 billion within its 19 constituent states. The federation's capital is in Metropolitan Brient, with the top three financial centres in Rungenbouen, Obravia and Treisag. The federation's largest urbanized areas are between the Westerrik Valley and the Tholisian Plain.
Various tribes of Katzyan, Sunerian and Feselae descent have inhabited the regions now known as Hrosberenicia since classical antiquity, the aforementioned region being documented at least before AD 40. In 55 BC, the first citadel, Bina, today the city of Haoenshafen came into existence, starting the citadel era, where tribes merged together to form civilizations. During the 2nd century, these citadels have merged further into duchies through ideas spread from literates and inside and outside the region. Eventually in the 1st millenium, these duchies formed the two empires, the Broncian and the Hsnevian empires, northern Besern being where their main seat of power, being that the spread of such ideas mostly coming in tracing all the way to the Katzyan people and the Feselae people. Following the War of Unification during their coexistence, the Duchy of Broncia took power of Hrosberenicia in the 12th century. Following the Great Incursion from the 14th century, the Hsnevians would eventually take power in the middle of the 16th century before splitting again in the 17th century into the Tholisian-native Grand Duchy of Aufurte, who founded their delegative city in which is now Metropolitan Brient. The Besernian Revolution would bring an end to the duchies in the 18th century and culminate the states into the modern federal republic, which would go through five federations. The Reign of Terror until the middle of the 18th century, the 1853 coup d'état, and the University uprising would bring an end to the first, second and third federations. The Great War and later on the expiration of the Athala Decree would evolve the fourth to the fifth federation with the election of both houses of the Federal Parliament post-bellum.
Besern has a decent economy with a gross-domestic product nominal of 9.189 billion soners (3.948 trillion TSP$). Its natural ports make Besern a major exporter and importer of goods and services, from which they are major players in the medical, economical, science and technological and industrial fields to name a few. As a developed country, Besern, which ranks high on the Human Development Index (HDI), offers social security and a universal healthcare system to its citizens and permanent residents, and environmental protections and tuition-free university education. Besern is an active participant in the World Forum, with other participations in the CPSC and the NCU.
The Austral word Besern deviates back to the former name of the region, Hrosberenicia, which came into use after literate migrants from all the way to the Katzyan of the Hianlusse regions (today Gianatla) adopted it, fusing the Berenica Valley term, which is located in the center of Hrosberenicia, the area where the citadels would religiously meet for peace when the name was adopted, for the peoples for regions east of Adellinde. The modern Besernian term Berscheland deviates also to Hrosberenicia, with its literal translation "Land of the Berenices", named after the Berenica Valley, which was spread by the native Sunerian Broncians during the two empires era and the native Katzyan Hsnevians during the Great Incursion. The Berenica Valley term Berenica leads back to the Proto-Berenican word bericovv 'of the Bericovian', which also leads back to the north-eastern Proto-Cordilian term vebbr 'the right of the people'. The former term Bericovian is also a term for the mythical 'tribe' of unity, Berycovvor.
Ancient humans have inhabited the area now known as modern-day Besern, Hrosberenicia at least 650,000 years ago with the first non-modern human fossil (the Neanderthal) being discovered in the Zweitland Jura.
There have been evidence of the history of early modern human inhabitants in Hrosberenicia, with the earliest salvageable record dating back to 2800 BC, with the Nevvra Annals, a text denoting the legends of the old Besernian religion and the Disk of Kohler. Nomads were also known to be in the area and widespread, with abandoned huts and ancient campsites found even during the Great Incursion of the 14th century.
Berenican tribal era and the citadels
The Berenican tribes are estimated to possibly date from a period between the Cordilian Iron Age and Frastinian Bronze Age. The tribes' differences were apparent yet similar. Notably, the northern tribes consisted of those of Katzyan blood, originating from the Hianlusse ancient regions and most common in the areas descended from what is now the state of Ostrovia , and those Sunerian blood, originating from the lands on the Antillean Fault and mostly concentrated in the areas near Phallesmund Delta and Pselroskun. The southern tribes however are of mixed Sunerian and Feselae descent, with the Feselae originating from the south and south-east, with those in Tholisia-Ostselvatia originating from Upper Flumenvallis. These tribes came into contact with each other in the areas estimated to be today the state of Aurothia, from where they also came into contact with other tribes outside of Hrosberenicia.
There were various bonds and wars between these tribes which combined the Katzyan, Sunerian and Feselae bloods into one that would be resembling those of Berenican descent. As societies throughout Pacifica were formed and especially in Frastinia, spread of creating citadels, which were small city-states formed through the union of tribes began with the founding of Bina in 55 BC and ended the tribal era with the union of the Eddna and Drichee, of mixed Katzyan and Sunerian descent, into the citadel of Aieen in 63 BC. They were ruled by one mayor per citadel, who were of the tribal chief bloods and those made up of commoner descent who either rebelled against their mayor or chief, or were guaranteed a position by the merging mayors or chiefs in a conurbation. Each citadel was mostly hostile towards citadels outside their region and they interacted with those in their region solely by cross-citadel trade. However, they slowly got along with each other with the first marital union of mayors between the Iria and Woroal citadels in 25 AD. Slowly, other connections spread from even outside region borders and as a result the citadel era ended almost immediately with the establishment of the first duchy, the Duchy of Nauhaufia in 250 AD and the last citadel turned-duchy being the Duchy of Ordinaia in 255 AD, with the concept of duchies originating from the citadel concepts. However, they were not explicitly called duchies in Austral before Great Incursion, with old versions of Besernian referring the 'duchy' part as 'fednes', loosely meaning 'chiefs (or mayors) together' before the Great Incursion forced the modern term 'duchijik' for 'duchy', with the former term gaining resurgence as the current term for 'federal' and other related terms.