Central Bailtemmic Republic (Pacifica)
Central Bailtemmic Republic
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary one-party presidential republic|
|26 March 1905|
• Civil war ends
|18 June 1990|
|351,157 km2 (135,582 sq mi) (5th)|
• Water (%)
• 2020 census
|134.76/km2 (349.0/sq mi) (29th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2021 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2021 estimate|
|$48.0 billion (23rd)|
• Per capita
|Gini (2021)|| 47.3|
|HDI (2021)|| 0.529|
low · 16th
|Currency||Guobi (¥) (CBG)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (Bailtemmic Central Time)|
|World Forum Code||CB|
The Central Bailtemmic Republic (CBR; Huayu: 古华人民共和国; pinyin: Gǔhuá Rénmín Gònghéguó), commonly known as the Ancient Republic (Huayu: 古国; pinyin: Gǔguó) is a landlocked country located in Central Bailtem. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, it is bordered by Arnchow to the north, Andrendia to the northeast, and Darakin to the west. The Central Bailtemmic Republic has a population of over 47.3 million, spanning across an area of 351,157 square kilometers (135,582 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Yanghua.
For millennia, the political system of the Central Bailtemmic Republic was based on absolute hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, often ruling over fractured territory. The Central Bailtemmic monarchy collapsed in 1905 with the Lanyue Revolution and led to the formation of the modern republic. Although the republic has nominally persisted since then, the Central Bailtemmic Republic has been characterized by political instability, with numerous coups d'état and a bloody civil war that began in 1978 and, despite a 1981 peace treaty, resumed in 1983 before finally ending in 1990.
Politically, the Central Bailtemmic Republic is a unitary one-party presidential republic. The current president is Bo Zhihao of the National People's Party, which has remained in power since a 1996 coup. Under the party, the standard of living in the Central Bailtemmic Republic has increased, but human rights organizations continue to note the restriction of freedom of speech, frequent arbitrary imprisonment, and the suppression of opposition groups.
The Central Bailtemmic Republic is a developing country. Its economy continues to depend heavily on the agricultural sector, but has also increasingly industrialized in recent years and is generally classified as a frontier market.
The Austral name, Central Bailtemmic Republic, is derived from the country's geographic location close to the center of Bailtem and its republican form of government. In Huayu, the country is known as the "Ancient Republic" (Huayu: 古国; pinyin: Gǔguó) from gǔ ("ancient") and guó ("state").
Politics and government
The Central Bailtemmic Republic is a unitary one-party presidential republic. The president is the head of state and head of government, holding broad powers such as commanding the armed forces, issuing executive orders, declaring war or states of emergency, and appointing government officials at all levels ranging from the cabinet to local judges. The president is directly elected by popular vote every six years, and is limited to two consecutive terms in office.
The People's Assembly makes legislation. It is composed of 158 legislators elected for four-year terms who meet for three regular sessions a year, in addition to special sessions called by the president. Laws are passed by a majority vote within the Assembly.
The Central Bailtemmic Republic's legal system is based on a common law system. The judiciary is nominally independent of other branches of government, but judges are appointed by the president. International observers have noted that judicial decisions are often swayed by politically motivated appointments and political pressure on judges. The highest courts are the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court, each of which is composed of seven justices. While the chief justices of each are elected for twelve-year terms, the associate justices are appointed by the president.
The National People's Party (NPP) has dominated politics in the country since its formation following the 1996 coup d'état. The NPP has maintained control of the presidency since 1996 and the People's Assembly since 2000. Although the constitution mandates a multi-party system of government, the government has enacted strict laws prohibiting political organizations that promote national disunity, citing the threat of another destructive civil war. According to the Movement for Human Dignity, these laws have rendered the Central Bailtemmic Republic as effectively a one-party state.
The National People's Armed Forces (NPAF) are the military of the Central Bailtemmic Republic and consist of the land forces, air forces, special forces, and the Gendarmerie. Through the Gendarmerie, the military also serves as the national police and law enforcement agency. Men are required to serve at least three years of compulsory military service, beginning between the ages of 18 and 23; women are required to serve at least one year.
The Central Bailtemmic Republic is divided into four provinces and three municipalities, which hold the same rank as provinces. Each provincial division is headed by an elected governor and an administrative secretary appointed by the president. Although the governor nominally ranks higher, the administrative secretary is officially an employee of the national Ministry of Administration, which is the main source of funding for local government budgets, and effectively wields greater power. Provinces are subdivided into 14 districts.
The present borders were established in 1990, following the end of the civil war, with the aim of creating provinces based primarily on geography to reduce the likelihood of another conflict.
At 351,157 square kilometers (135,582 sq mi), the Central Bailtemmic Republic is the eighth-biggest country in the South Pacific. It is comparable in size to Besern, Ryccia, and Rebeltopia. The entire country is located at moderate to high altitude; the lowest point in the Tu'he River at 672 meters (2,205 ft) above sea level. The Central Bailtemmic Republic is located in Central Bailtem, bordering Arnchow to the north, Andrendia to the northeast, and Darakin to the west. It lies a few degrees south of the equator and is landlocked. The capital, Yanghua, is located in the northwestern region of the country at the confluence of the Yunjiang and Zhongjiang.
The climate of the Central Bailtemmic Republic is tropical, with pronounced wet and dry seasons and little variation in temperature throughout the year. In Yanghua, the capital, typical daily temperatures range between 25 and 30 °C (77 and 86 °F). Temperatures vary somewhat across the country; the mountainous east and south of the country are typically cooler than the lower-lying central and western regions. There are two rainy seasons, the "long rains" which run from February to June and the "short rains" which run from October to December. These are separated by a major dry season from June to October, and a shorter and less severe one from December to February. Parts of the northwest of the country have a tropical rainforest climate with rain throughout the year.
Naturally occurring vegetation is concentrated in the 26 national parks scattered across the country, which are home to a wide variety of organisms. 14,653 species of flora have been identified, of which 8% are endemic to the Central Bailtemmic Republic. The fauna of the country includes 820 species of birds and 270 mammals, of which 100 birds and 61 mammals are endemic.
The population of leopards, the country's national symbol, was decimated during and after the Central Bailtemmic Civil War, during which national parks were converted into camps for displaced persons. The population of leopards was destroyed entirely in the north of the country until 2016, when leopards were reintroduced into Bei'an National Park as part of conservation efforts.